What Do the Function Keys Do on Windows 10?

The function keys have almost been around for as long as the keyboard itself. They are said to have first debuted on the IBM 3270 in 1972 and have been a mainstay on PCs and laptops ever since.

However, despite their long history, the F1-F12 keys remain a mystery to many of us. Most laptop manufacturers have combined them with commonly used functions such as volume and brightness adjustment – in this case you will need to hold down the ‘Fn’ key to get the function initial. But there is no similar space restriction on external keyboards, they are not normally used. The one big exception here is gaming, where they are often used for specific controls.

The F keys have many functions by default, so we will only explore some of the most common functions in this article.

F1

The most common use of the F1 key is to ask for help, which works on almost any device. This could be just the Settings menu or a website that supports it. Similarly, holding down the Windows key while you press F1 usually opens the Windows help and support center.

In Microsoft Excel, the F1 key can be combined with the Alt and Shift keys to create a new sheet tab.

F2

The F2 key is used to rename a bookmarked icon, file or folder on all recent versions of Windows. If you have Microsoft Excel open, it will edit the active cell, while combining it with Alt and Ctrl will bring up the ‘Open Document’ screen in Microsoft Word. In the same program, simply using Ctrl and F2 brings up the print preview window.

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F3

The F3 key has a variety of functions. Probably the most commonly used way is to select the search bar when on the desktop. It can also open the search function from File Explorer and repeat the last command in the Command Prompt window.

Ctrl + F3 converts any highlighted text to lowercase in Microsoft Word, while Shift + F3 alternates between upper and lower case – this can also be customized to add an uppercase letter at the beginning of each word .

F4

F4 opens the address bar in File Explorer and most browsers, including Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge. Alt + F4 closes the currently active window, while Ctrl + F4 closes the specific tab instead.

F5

The most popular function of F5 is to refresh the current web page, applicable on all modern browsers. This also applies to a folder in any files app, where it will refresh the list of contents. If you want to go a step further, Ctrl + F5 will clear the cache and force the browser to re-download the page again.

In Microsoft Word, a single press on the F5 key opens the ‘Find and Replace’ window. In PowerPoint, it will start the slide show from scratch, while Shift + F5 will start the slide show from the currently active slide.

F6

F6 moves the cursor over the address bar in most modern browsers, making it easy to locate. In Microsoft Word, Ctrl + Shift + F6 will open a new document, as long as you have the application open.

Windows 10 function keys

F7

Many Microsoft applications (including Word, PowerPoint, and Outlook) use the F7 key as a keyboard shortcut for the built-in grammar and spelling checker. However, highlighting a word and pressing Shift + F7 will check for synonyms for that word.

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F7 can be used to enable Cursor Browsing (where the cursor is added to web pages to select text using only the keyboard) in Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox. It also opens the Layers menu in Adobe Photoshop.

In the Command Prompt application, F7 displays the history of all commands entered in that particular window.

F8

The F8 key was commonly used before Windows PCs allowed you to access advanced boot modes – you might have to press it a few times for it to work. That’s where you’ll find the option to start Windows in Safe Mode.

It can also be used to access the ‘Find and Replace’ window in the Windows TextPad application.

F9

When using Microsoft Word, F9 will refresh your document. It also enables Microsoft Outlook to ‘Send and Receive’ any email backlog.

F10

The F10 key will open the menu bar or similar options in most open Microsoft applications. Pressing Shift + F10 on a highlighted file, link or icon will work in the same way as a right-click.

F11

F11 is the most common way to enable and disable full screen mode in most modern web browsers. This also works on some pre-installed Windows apps.

Some PCs only use F11 to access the hidden recovery partition, while others combine it with the Ctrl key.

F12

Their F12 key has a wide range of functions on Microsoft Word. The ‘Save As’ window alone will open, but Ctrl + F12 will open a document from File Explorer. Shift + F12 works just like Ctrl + S to save the document, while Ctrl + Shift + F12 will print the document with default settings.

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F12 can also be used to open developer tools in many web browsers, as well as to access a list of devices that can boot if pressed before the device boots.

There are lots of ways to customize the F keys or add extra functions, but this can get complicated. We recommend you try some of these default functions if you haven’t used a lot of them before and see what you use on a regular basis.

Unfortunately, not all of those lists are available on every Windows 10 device, but they do provide a rough idea of ​​what you can expect. You may also be interested in how to retouch your keyboard in Windows 10.

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Posts “What Do the Function Keys Do on Windows 10?” posted by on 2021-03-18 12:40:00. Thank you for reading the article at whatsinyourbox.org

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